Patent Filings Roundup: IP Edge Hearings in Delaware Launch Fireworks; Qualcomm Claims Confirmed Unpatentable in AAPA Decision on Remand

patent filingsIt was a light week for patent filings, with 18 Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) and 38 district court complaints; last week saw the first Fintiv denials in months in a tranche of cases very close to trial; this week there were five more discretionary denials under Section 325(d), where the parties failed to point out any material error in earlier proceedings analyzing similar art under Advanced Bionics. And obviously, the third Fortress/VLSi trial resulting in another near-billion-dollar award splashed the headlines. The District of Delaware was busy uncovering the story behind IP Edge/Mavexar LLC and how they run and control their subsidiaries, and it’s even more interesting than I thought it was; though of course, it hasn’t stopped entities like those run by Jeffrey Gross from continuing to roll out filings. More below.

On Remand from AAPA Decision, Qualcomm Claims Confirmed Unpatentable: In a decision following an appeal that drew a concurrence, the Board panel again cancelled all challenged claims of Qualcomm’s U.S. 8,063,674 patent. The Federal Circuit vacated the Board’s underlying decision, arguing that they “incorrectly interpreted § 311(b)’s ‘prior art consisting of patents or printed publications’ to encompass [applicant admitted prior art (AAPA)] contained in the challenged patent.” But the Federal Circuit found the use of the AAPA is permissible and remanded and left the door open to consider whether the AAPA formed the “basis” of the challenge. Another non-AAPA ground was affirmed.

In the decision, the Board noted that the Director issued updated AAPA guidance on June 9, and considered it as superseding the earlier guidance. It relied on the statements therein to note that, as long as the AAPA does not form the “basis” of the challenge, it is permissible by the language of the statute. Apple argued it simply supplied additional limitations and details thought conventional, and that the rejections were based and relied on another prior art reference not in dispute; Qualcomm argued the opposite. The Board sided with the petitioner, and found the additional limitations taught by the AAPA consistent with the Federal Circuit’s and Office’s current interpretation of their rules. The concurring judge tersely noted they did not believe analysis was necessary at all, given the clear Director’s Updated Guidance.

IP Edge/Mavexar Hearings, Mandamus Request: If you’re not following the IP/DE blog here, you should. It detailed a series of hearings last week on disclosure requirements that all seemed to reveal that IP Edge and its three principals have been running a business whereby they cold-call private citizens with little to no Internet presence, offer them a passive 5% of any proceeds from a patent assertion campaign, and then set them up as the sole owner and controlling party of an LLC—at least legally. Then, per testimony from last week, IP Edge (or their other alter ego, Mavexar) control all litigation decisions. See here for more. Data shows that more than 500 lawsuits are filed annually—as much as a sixth of all U.S. patent suits per annum—by IP Edge entities set up this way. Mavexar has intervened and filed a writ of mandamus to the Federal Circuit to try and stop what it has called a “judicial inquisition.”

PTAB (18)

Case Number Action Owner Petitioner Patent
IPR2023-00144 Filed United Services Automobile Association Truist Bank 10482432
IPR2023-00143 Filed United Services Automobile Association Truist Bank 10482432
IPR2023-00160 Filed Varta Microbattery Gmbh [Michael Tojner, PhD, LLD] Eve Energy Co., Ltd 11024869
IPR2023-00166 Filed Farmobile LLC Farmers Edge, Inc.
Farmers Edge US, Inc.
11107017
IPR2023-00167 Filed Pilot, Inc. The Noco Company, Inc. 11235673
IPR2023-00178 Filed Kajeet, Inc. Trend Micro, Inc. 7899438
IPR2023-00141 Filed Cyph, Inc. Zoom Video Communications, Inc. 10003465
IPR2023-00140 Filed Cyph, Inc. Zoom Video Communications, Inc. 9948625
IPR2023-00170 Filed Johnson Controls Technology Company [Johnson Controls International plc] Willow Technologies, LLC 10515098
IPR2023-00164 Filed Farmobile LLC Farmers Edge, Inc.
Farmers Edge US, Inc.
11164116
IPR2023-00189 Filed Nike, Inc. Lululemon Athletica Canada Inc.
Lululemon USA Inc.
9278256
IPR2023-00171 Filed G+ Communications, LLC [ZTE, Brad Liddle-associated entities, potential funders] Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. 10736130
IPR2023-00161 Filed Varta Microbattery Gmbh [Michael Tojner, PhD, LLD] Eve Energy Co., Ltd 11024869
IPR2023-00142 Filed Cyph, Inc. Zoom Video Communications, Inc. 9794070
IPR2023-00165 Filed Farmobile LLC Farmers Edge, Inc.
Farmers Edge US, Inc.
10963825
IPR2023-00163 Filed Parus Holdings, Inc Samsung Electronics America, Inc. 7386455
IPR2023-00180 Filed Nike, Inc. Lululemon Athletica Canada Inc.
Lululemon USA Inc.
10232220
IPR2023-00175 Filed Fortinet, Inc. Netskope, Inc. 9197601
IPR2022-00723 Not Instituted – Merits Purdue University
The Trustees of Purdue University
STMicroelectronics, Inc. 7498633
PGR2022-00037 Not Instituted – Merits Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH [C.H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG] Sandoz, Inc. 11078265
IPR2022-00933 Not Instituted – Merits Roambee Corporation FedEx Corporation Services, Inc. 10438162
IPR2022-00840 Not Instituted – Merits Zimmer Technology, Inc.
Zimmer, Inc.
Exactech, Inc. 7029477
IPR2022-00966 Not Instituted – Procedural Sydnexis, Inc. Eyenovia, Inc. 10201534
IPR2022-00964 Not Instituted – Procedural Sydnexis, Inc. Eyenovia, Inc. 9770447
IPR2022-00761 Not Instituted – Procedural Purdue University
The Trustees of Purdue University
WolfSpeed, Inc. 7498633
IPR2022-00965 Not Instituted – Procedural Sydnexis, Inc. Eyenovia, Inc. 10076515
IPR2022-00963 Not Instituted – Procedural Sydnexis, Inc. Eyenovia, Inc. 9421199
IPR2022-00775 Instituted Flexiworld Technologies, Inc. Unified Patents, LLC 9836257
IPR2022-00838 Instituted Orthosoft ULC [Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc.] Exactech, Inc. 7857821
IPR2022-01186 Instituted AliveCor Inc. Apple Inc 9649042
PGR2022-00041 Instituted Swift Medical Inc, Moleculight, Inc. 11266345
IPR2022-00910 Instituted Orthosoft ULC [Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc.] Exactech, Inc. 7715602
IPR2022-00841 Instituted Zimmer, Inc. Exactech, Inc. 8506645
IPR2022-00656 Instituted TQ Delta, LLC [Techquity Capital Management, LLC] Nokia of America Corporation 8594162
IPR2022-00839 Instituted Orthosoft ULC [Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc.] Exactech, Inc. 8147496
IPR2022-00987 Instituted Speir Technologies Ltd. [Atlantic IP Services Limited] Unified Patents, LLC 7321777
IPR2022-00872 Instituted AliveCor Inc. Apple Inc 8509882
IPR2022-00805 Instituted Parus Holdings, Inc Google LLC 9769314
IPR2022-00837 Instituted Orthosoft ULC [Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc.] Exactech, Inc. 7715602
IPR2022-01143 Instituted Cloudofchange, LLC Lightspeed Commerce Inc. 11226793
IPR2022-00934 Instituted Roambee Corporation FedEx Corporation Services, Inc. 10990922
IPR2022-00997 Instituted Cloudofchange, LLC Lightspeed Commerce Inc. 10083012
IPR2022-00836 Instituted Zimmer, Inc. Exactech, Inc. 10881462
IPR2021-01355 Adverse Judgment Ubiquitous Connectivity, LP [Nomad Communications, L.L.C.] Resideo Technologies, Inc.
Central Security Group Nationwide, Inc.
10344999
IPR2018-01315 Final Written Decision Qualcomm, Inc. Apple Inc 8063674
IPR2021-00852 Final Written Decision Sovereign Peak Ventures, LLC [Dominion Harbor Enterprises, LLC] Unified Patents, LLC 6877038
IPR2021-00834 Final Written Decision Ahern Rentals, Inc. Equipmentshare.Com Inc. 9193330
IPR2018-01316 Final Written Decision Qualcomm, Inc. Apple Inc 8063674
IPR2021-00886 Final Written Decision Sanho Corporation [Targus International LLC] KaiJet Technology International Limited, Inc 10572429
IPR2021-00880 Final Written Decision Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Apotex Inc.
Celltrion, Inc.
9669069
IPR2022-00301 Final Written Decision Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Apotex Inc.
Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Celltrion, Inc.
9669069
IPR2021-00752 Final Written Decision HD Silicon Solutions LLC Microchip Technology, Inc. 6774033
IPR2022-00258 Final Written Decision Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Celltrion, Inc.
Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Apotex Inc.
9254338
IPR2022-00298 Final Written Decision Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Apotex Inc.
Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Celltrion, Inc.
9254338
IPR2021-00881 Final Written Decision Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Celltrion, Inc.
Apotex Inc.
9254338
IPR2021-00839 Final Written Decision AMO Development, LLC Alcon, Inc.
Alcon Lensx, Inc.
Alcon Vision, LLC
Alcon Laboratories, Inc.
Alcon Research, LLC
9101448
IPR2022-00257 Final Written Decision Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Celltrion, Inc.
Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Apotex Inc.
9669069

District Court (38)

Case Number Action Plaintiff Defendant Patent
5:22-cv-04451 Filed Breeo LLC Amd Direct Inc D091417
D091835
11278153
8:22-cv-02039 Filed NETWORK-1 Technologies Inc. Antaira Technologies LLC 6218930
1:22-cv-01163 Filed Turbocode LLC [Jeffrey M. Gross] Tcl Technology Group Corp
Tct Mobile International Ltd
Tct Mobile Worldwide Ltd
Tcl Communication Technology Holdings Ltd
6813742
1:22-cv-01480 Filed Taiho Oncology Inc [Otsuka Holdings Company Limited]
Taiho Pharmaceutical Co Ltd [Otsuka Holdings Company Limited]
Natco Pharma Ltd
Natco Pharma Inc
10456399
6:22-cv-01158 Filed Parkervision Inc. various litigation funders, including Brickell Key Investments, and Sterne Kessler] Tcl Industries Holdings Co Ltd
Tcl Moka Intl Ltd
Shenzhen Tcl New Technology Co Ltd
Tcl Electronics Holdings Ltd
Tcl Moka Manufacturing Sa De Cv
et al.
9288100
6879817
2:22-cv-00433 Filed Lightguide Inc. Amazon.com Services LLC
Amazon.com Inc..
9658614
7515981
10528036
1:22-cv-01462 Filed Amicus Therapeutics Us LLC
Amicus Therapeutics Inc.
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Teva Pharmaceuticals Usa Inc
Teva Pharmaceuticals Inc
10874655
11304940
11357763
11357764
11357784
10792279
11278539
10849890
11426396
11389436
11357762
11278536
10806727
11458128
10874657
11278537
11278538
10849889
11357761
11357765
11278540
11376244
11389437
0:22-cv-02841 Filed Seasonal Specialties Everstar Merchandise Co Ltd 10080265
9554437
1:22-cv-04431 Filed Rail Assets LLC Norfolk Southern Corp 608863
1:22-cv-01466 Filed Autonomous Devices LLC Tesla Inc 11055583
11238344
10452974
10102449
11113585
10607134
1:22-cv-01162 Filed Turbocode LLC [Jeffrey M. Gross] Zyxel Communications Corp 6813742
1:22-cv-01161 Filed Turbocode LLC [Jeffrey M. Gross] Htc Corp 6813742
2:22-cv-12730 Filed Fenton Mobility Products Inc Pareto Aluminum Systems LLC 10625867
3:22-cv-00323 Filed Bell Semiconductor LLC [Hilco Inc.] Ambarella Inc 7231626
7396760
6:22-cv-01165 Filed Richman Technology Corp Alarmcom Inc 8174378
1:22-cv-11906 Filed Bell Semiconductor LLC [Hilco Inc.] Marvell Technology Group 7231626
6436807
4:22-cv-00940 Filed Implicit LLC [Edward Balassanian] Wayfair Inc
Wayfair LLC
8856185
5:22-cv-06968 Filed Bristol-myers Squibb [Bristol-Myers Squibb Company] Handa Oncology LLC 7491725
8680103
2:22-cv-00434 Filed Mems Innovations LLC Tdk Corporation Of America
Tdk
7812505
8114697
3:22-cv-00076 Filed Nuhn Industries Ltd Bazooka Farmstar LLC 11491835
1:22-cv-01160 Filed Turbocode LLC [Jeffrey M. Gross] D-link Corp 6813742
2:22-cv-08192 Filed Ep Family Corp Shanghai Shangda Guoji Maoyi Co Ltd
Shanghai Shangyun Keji Co Ltd
Plakso LLC
Enshi Shiyuan Guqi Nongye Jishu Fazha Co Ltd
Huludao Longgan Jiulin Trade Co Ltd
et al.
D088088
1:22-cv-01481 Filed Bayer
Bayer Pharma Ag [Bayer AG]
Bayer Ag
Janssen Pharmaceuticals Inc
Epic Pharma LLC 10828310
9539218
3:22-cv-00616 Filed Ferring Bv [Ferring Holding SA]
Ferring International Center Sa [Ferring Holding SA]
Polypeptide Laboratories As [Polypeptide Laboratories Holding (PPL) AB]
Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc [Ferring Holding SA]
Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Group Co Ltd 10729739
10973870
9579359
10695398
9415085
8828938
6:22-cv-01163 Filed Parkervision Inc various litigation funders, including Brickell Key Investments, and Sterne Kessler] Mediatek
Mediatek Usa Inc
604970
7292835
6266518
8660513
1:22-cv-01461 Filed Amicus Therapeutics Us LLC
Amicus Therapeutics Inc
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Teva Pharmaceuticals Inc
10925866
10383864
9987263
9999618
10813921
10406143
9000011
3:22-cv-07008 Filed Viega LLC Locket Ip LLC 10514832
3:22-cv-06534 Filed The Green Pet Shop Enterprises LLC Comfort Revolution LLC 11375685
1:22-cv-01474 Filed Ferring Bv [Ferring Holding SA]
Ferring International Center Sa [Ferring Holding SA]
Polypeptide Laboratories As [Polypeptide Laboratories Holding (PPL) AB]
Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc [Ferring Holding SA]
Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Group Co Ltd 10729739
8828938
10695398
9415085
10973870
9579359
2:22-cv-00437 Filed Safilo Klx Energy Servicesllc 9890609
9671794
2:22-cv-06555 Filed Btl Industries Inc Baldev Sandhu
1800 Drs Diet LLC
Dr Devs Plastic Surgery Medspa LLC
11266852
10478634
10695575
9636519
3:22-cv-01243 Filed Medallia Inc Echospan Inc 10963639
1:22-cv-11901 Filed Bell Semiconductor LLC [Hilco Inc.] Analog Devices Inc 7231626
6:22-cv-01162 Filed Parkervision Inc. [various litigation funders, including Brickell Key Investments, and Sterne Kessler] Realtek Semiconductor Corp 604970
7292835
6266518
8660513
2:22-cv-08257 Filed Tan Grow Inc Link Future Inc Dba Lkf Usa Polar Aurora
Vivohome Inc
3q Mart Inc
Sinowell Inc
10543957
D094028
10882662
8:22-cv-02535 Filed Novocure Gmbh [NovoCure Limited] Fieldcure Co Ltd 8715203
7136699
7715921
1:22-cv-11926 Filed Bell Semiconductor LLC [Hilco Inc.] Infineon Technologies America Corporation 7396760
6:22-cv-01164 Filed Perfect Corp [Cyberlink Corporation] Lennon Image Technologies LLC 6624843

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